Copyright Statement

 In order to protect the legal rights and interests of both the journal and authors, and in addition to clarify the copyright property and ownership of the journal and authors, the following statement regarding manuscript copyright is made:

  1. The authors declare that they have not submitted the paper for publication anywhere else and that the submitted article has not been published previously.
  2. For any manuscript submitted to the journal, the authors should declare that their submitted paper is their own original work, it does not infringe any rights or disclose any secrets, and that no disputes of intellectual property shall arise in relation to the ranking of author names, and it does not contain or include material taken from other copyrighted sources. Wherever such materials have been included, they must be clearly identified by quotation marks and/or proper citation of such sources.
  3. After publication in the journal, authors retain the copyright of articles. Authors transfer the copyright to the journal to publish the article, use it for indexing, and storing on the journal website for public use.
  4. All published works are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. It means that authors reserve all proprietary rights such as patent rights and the right to copy and redistribute the material of published works in any medium or format. Also, they have the right to use all or part of the article in their future works (e.g., lectures, press releases, and reviews of textbooks), remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.
  5.  Under the Creative Commons end user license, the readers can reuse portions or extracts from the published article in their works by including attribution to the original work and its author.

Corresponding Author, Co-Authorship

Only individuals who significantly contributed to the conception, design, implementation, or interpretation of the reported study should be given the privilege of authorship. When additional people contributed to the research study in a meaningful way, they should be acknowledged or identified as contributors. The final version of the work has been seen by all co-authors, who have given their approval and consent to its submission for publication.

If the article was jointly prepared by more than one author, any author submitting the manuscript warrants that he/she has been authorized by all co-authors to be agreed on this copyright and license notice (agreement) on their behalf and agrees to inform his/her co-authors of the terms of this policy.

The journal will not be held liable for anything that may arise due to the author(s) internal dispute. The journal will only communicate with the corresponding author.

Conflict of Interest Statement

The journal defines a conflict of interest as “anything that interferes with or could reasonably be perceived as interfering with, the full and objective presentation, commissioning, peer review, editorial decision-making, or publication of research or non-research articles […]. A conflict of interest exists if a person or institution has a relationship, personal or otherwise, which has the potential to compromise or in any way interfere with professional objectivity or judgment in issues related to the relationship.

Authors are not the only stakeholders who may have biases or competing interests. It is just as important for editors, editorial board members, and reviewers to disclose any potential conflicts of interest at all stages of the publication process.


No responsibility is assumed by the publisher and co-publishers, nor by the editors for any injury and/or damage to persons or property as a result of any actual or alleged libelous statements, infringement of intellectual property or privacy rights, or products liability, whether resulting from negligence or otherwise, or from any use or operation of any ideas, instructions, procedures, products or methods contained in the material therein.