European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences en-US <p>Authors retain the copyright of their work, and grant this journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> (Editor-in-Chief) (Support) Sun, 30 Jun 2024 15:20:38 -0400 OJS 60 Diagnosis and Management of Labor Dystocia According to the Friedman Curve <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Labor dystocia or abnormal prolonged delivery is one of the common indications regarding unplanned cesarean deliveries. A better understanding of the diagnosis and management of labor dystocia according to friedman curve could lead to new opportunities to increase the rate of vaginal delivery. This paper aims to summarize known diagnosis and management techniques according to the Friedman curve. <strong>Method: </strong>Literature reviews were compiled based on article obtained using search engine “Google Scholar” and “PubMed” with keywords “Diagnosis", “Friedman Curve”, “Labor”, “Dystocia” and “Management”. There were 10 articles that were appropriate for this purpose. <strong>Result and discussion: </strong>Labor dystocia is a labor complication where the labor process is abnormally slow or prolonged, hence the term abnormal prolonged labor. This involves a variety of problem which is abbreviated by three P’s, Power, Passage and Passenger. Power is defined by the ability of the uterus to contract during labor. Passage is defined as divergence between the measurements of the fetal head and the maternal pelvis that might be caused by ineffective uterine contraction or macrosomic fetus, so that result in obstructed labor. Passenger is defined as the presentation, position and fetal development that might influence the dystocia incident. Labor dystocia is one of the common indication regarding unplanned caesarian deliveries. Therefore, early diagnosis and management of labor dystocia is crucial in improving outcome in labor dystocia patients, both for the mother and the newborn. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>Labor is influenced by multiple factors related to the mother and fetus. The theories of Friedman and recent advancements have significantly impacted the diagnosis of protraction or arrest disorder. In challenging situations, timely identification and suitable management are crucial. Educating patients about labor preparation is vital to prevent adverse conditions that can lead to complications and even mortality for both mother and fetus.</p> I Gde Sastra Winata, Tjokorda Istri Agung Devitia Widya Paramita Putri, Anak Agung Ayu Vidya Pradnyandari Copyright (c) 2024 I Gde Sastra Winata, Tjokorda Istri Agung Devitia Widya Paramita Putri, Anak Agung Ayu Vidya Pradnyandari Mon, 08 Jul 2024 00:00:00 -0400 Demographical Study of Appendicitis Patients in Basra/Iraq <div id="folder32" class="folder"> <div class="opened"> <div class="line"><em>Background. </em>Acute appendicitis is a prevalent cause of severe lower abdomen discomfort that necessitates rapid attendance at the emergency department, it occurs in approximately 17,700,000 individuals worldwide each year. <em>Method. </em>A case-control investigation was carried out on the patients with appendicitis in the operating room at Al-Sadr Hospital and Al-Shifaa Teaching Hospital in Basra, and the control group was randomly selected. Information was collected using a questionnaire. <em>Results and Discussion. </em>T<span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">his study’s appendicitis patients were 56 males and 44 females. The age group ranging from 10 to 25 years was the most group affected by appendicitis (63%). The rate of non-smoking patients was 69%, higher than that of smoking patients (31%) and higher than smoking control (17%), with significance. The patients who live in the center have a high rate when compared with patients who live in the peripheral. The rate of patients who had a family history of appendicitis was (34%) lower than that of patients who had not a family history. Still, when compared with control with a family history (15%), their rate was higher with significance. <em>Conclusion.</em> The results of our study conclude that appendicitis affects young ages, but it can occur at any age, and a slight predominance can be observed in males compared to females, without significance. Smoking and a positive family history of appendicitis can be factors leading to appendicitis in an individual.</span></div> </div> </div> Zainab Nihad Shaker, Dawood Salman Mahdi, Ihsan Edan Alsaimary Copyright (c) 2024 Zainab Nihad Shaker, Dawood Salman Mahdi, Ihsan Edan Alsaimary Mon, 08 Jul 2024 00:00:00 -0400