Basic Life Support Awareness in Pakistan: Still in Embryonic Phase


  •   Sana Abbas

  •   Beenish Abbas

  •   Ayesha Maqsood

  •   Syeda Rabia

  •   Ramesha Azam

  •   Hina Ishaq


Objectives:  To gauge/evaluate the knowledge and skill of BLS trained and untrained teaching faculty members at postgraduate tertiary care training institute

Materials and Methods: A prevalidated questionnaire comprising of 44 questions was distributed among teaching faculty of three big tertiary care, post-graduate institutes. The questions were focused on evaluating the knowledge and awareness of the participants. Total number of the participants was 345

Statistical Analysis: Data was entered and analyzed by using SPSS (version 23.0).

Results: The mean knowledge score related to basic life support was 4.57±1.81 out of total 12 points and the mean score for level of awareness regarding BLS was 34.5 %. Moreover, only 28.15% were aware of the current AHA guidelines

Conclusion: The low level of knowledge and awareness regarding BLS in the health care workers depicts that regular BLS hands-on- workshops should be conducted and should be a part of mandatory training.

Keywords: Basic life support, knowledge, skill


Ojifinni K, Motara F, Laher AE. Knowledge, attitudes and perceptions regarding basic life support among teachers in training. Cureus. 2019; 11(12): 4–13.

Schiefer JL, Schuller H, Fuchs PC, Bagheri M, Grigutsch D, Klein M, et al. Basic life support knowledge in Germany and the influences of demographic factors. PLoS One. 2020; 15(8): e0237751.

Kwiecień-Jaguś K, Mędrzycka-Dąbrowska W, Galdikienė N, Via Clavero G, Kopeć M. A cross-international study to evaluate knowledge and attitudes related to basic life support among undergraduate nursing students — a questionnaire study. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020; 17(11): 1–11.

Bench S, Winter C, Francis G. Use of a virtual reality device for basic life support training: prototype testing and an exploration of users’ views and experience. Simul Healthc. 2019; 14(5): 287–92.

McKernon SL, Kaura L, Taylor KH, Reid S, Balmer MC. An update on current resuscitation council (UK) guidelines. Dent Update. 2017; 44(4): 341–50.

Del Mar Requena-Mullor M, Alarcón-Rodríguez R, Ventura-Miranda MI, García-González J. Effects of a clinical simulation course about basic life support on undergraduate nursing students’ learning. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021; 18(4): 1–9.

Vineeth Chandran K, Abraham S V. Basic life support: Need of the hour — a study on the knowledge of basic life support among young doctors in india. Indian J Crit Care Med. 2020; 24(5): 332–5.

González-Salvado V, Rodríguez-Ruiz E, Abelairas-Gómez C, Ruano-Raviña A, Peña-Gil C, González-Juanatey JR, et al. Training adult laypeople in basic life support. A systematic review. Rev Española Cardiol. 2020; 73(1): 53–68.

Sudeep CB, Sequeira PS, Jain J, Jain V, Maliyil M. Awareness of basic life support among students and teaching faculty in a dental college in coorg. Karnataka. 2013; 2(1): 4–9.

Irfan B, Zahid I, Khan MS, Khan OAA, Zaidi S, Awan S, et al. Current state of knowledge of basic life support in health professionals of the largest city in Pakistan: A cross-sectional study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2019; 19(1): 1–7.

Al-Mohaissen MA. Knowledge and attitudes towards basic life support among health students at a Saudi women’s university. Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J. 2017; 17(1): e59–65.

Nambiar M, Nedungalaparambil NM, Aslesh OP. Is current training in basic and advanced cardiac life support (BLS & ACLS ) effective ? A study of BLS & ACLS knowledge amongst healthcare professionals of. World Journal of Energency Medicine. 2016; 7(4): 263–9.

Kurz MC, Schmicker RH, Leroux B, Nichol G, Aufderheide TP, Cheskes S, et al. Advanced vs. Basic Life Support in the Treatment of Out-of-Hospital Cardiopulmonary Arrest in the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium. Resuscitation. 2018; 128: 132–7.

Niemi-Murola L, Mäkinen M, Castren M, ECCE Study Group. Medical and nursing students’ attitudes toward cardiopulmonary resuscitation and current practice guidelines. Resuscitation. 2007; 72(2): 257-263.

Zamir Q, Nadeem A, Rizvi AH. Awareness of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in medical-students and doctors in Rawalpindi-Islamabad, Pakistan. JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association. 2012; 62(12): 1361-1364.

Carvalho APL, Nardello LCL, Fernandes FS, Bruno FP, Paz LR, Iglecias EF, et al. Effects of contemporary irrigant activation schemes and subsequent placement of an interim dressing on bacterial presence and activity in root canals associated with asymptomatic apical periodontitis. J Clin Med. 2020; 9(3): 854.

Passali C, Pantazopoulos I, Dontas I, Patsaki A, Barouxis D, Troupis G, et al. Evaluation of nurses’ and doctors’ knowledge of basic & advanced life support resuscitation guidelines. Nurse Educ Pract. 2011; 11(6): 365–369.

Kardong-Edgren S, Adamson KA. BSN medical-surgical student ability to perform cpr in a simulation: recommendations and implications. Clin Simul Nurs. 2009; 5(2).

Saquib SA, Al-Harthi HM, Khoshhal AA, Shaher AA, Al-Shammari AB, Khan A, et al. Knowledge and attitude about basic life support and emergency medical services amongst healthcare interns in university hospitals: a cross-sectional study. Emerg Med Int. 2019; 2019: 1–8.

Bylow H, Karlsson T, Claesson A, Lepp M, Lindqvist J, Herlitz J. Self-learning training versus instructor-led training for basic life support: A cluster randomised trial. Resuscitation. 2019;139: 122–32.

Watanabe K, Lopez-Colon D, Shuster JJ, Philip J. Efficacy and retention of Basic Life Support education including Automated External Defibrillator usage during a physical education period. Prev Med Reports. 2017; 5: 263–7.

Steen PA, Kramer-Johansen J. Improving cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality to ensure survival. Curr Opin Crit Care. 2008; 14(3): 299–304.


Download data is not yet available.


How to Cite
Abbas, S., Abbas, B., Maqsood, A., Rabia, S., Azam, R., & Ishaq, H. (2021). Basic Life Support Awareness in Pakistan: Still in Embryonic Phase. European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences, 3(6), 24–27.

Most read articles by the same author(s)