Background: In the practice of obstetrics and gynecology, the ABO and Rhesus factor (Rh) blood type are important. Blood typing for blood transfusion of compatible blood is very common in emergency and routine care. There is a scanty literature on the distribution of ABO and Rhesus blood types in Anyigba, (North central) Nigeria.
Objective: This study aims to determine the distribution of ABO blood and Rhesus blood group phenotypes and Hemoglobin genotypes among antenatal clinic attendees in a teaching hospital.
Methods: Antenatal records of attendees (October 2017 to September 2020) at the Kogi State University Teaching Hospital were retrieved and results of antenatal hematological investigations were collected using a structured tool.Bio data, ABO blood group, Rhesus group phenotype and Hemoglobin genotype were collected, inputted and analyzed using SPSS version 20.
Results: The mean age was 26 +/- 7years, blood group O is most prevalent,561 (53.6%) then A 276 (26.4%), B 189 (18.1%) and AB,21 (2%).1014 (96.4%) were Rhesus D positive, 33 (3.1%) were Rhesus D negative. For hemoglobin genotype, 786 (75.1%) were AA, 258 (24.6%) were AS, AC were 3 (0.3%).
Conclusion: The distribution of the ABO, the Rhesus (D) blood groups and hemoglobin genotypes are in concurrence with the findings of previous studies; Blood group O is the most prevalent and AB the least prevalent, Rhesus (D) positive in the population is high and the hemoglobin genotype AA is the most prevalent. There is no association between blood group phenotypes studied and the hemoglobin genotypes.
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